ICD-10-CM Diseases of the Circulatory System
For the I-10 Corner this week, we’re focusing on diagnostic coding guidelines, plus a few examples,for Chapter 9: Diseases of the Circulatory System (I00-I99)
- The types of hypertension (benign, malignant, accelerated, etc.) are all listed as modifiers in I-10. The Hypertension table has been deleted.
- Combination codes include Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) plus all types of Angina. These combination codes include native arteries as well as CAD of bypass graft(s).
- The time frame for Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) codes have changed from eight (8) weeks or less to four (4) weeks or less (within 28 days).
- Myocardial Infarction (MI) codes specify ST Elevation (STEMI) Myocardial Infarction, along with the site of the MI, or Non-ST (NSTEMI) Myocardial Infarction, in each descriptive heading.
- Atrial Fibrillation and Atrial Flutter can now be identified as paroxysmal, persistent, typical, atypical, and unspecified.
- For ambidextrous patients, the default should be dominant.
- If the left side is affected, the default is non-dominant.
- If the right side is affected, the default is dominant.
ICD-10-CM Coding Guidelines
9 .a. 1) Hypertension with heart disease
Heart conditions classified to I50.-I51.9, are assigned to a code from category I11, Hypertensive heart disease, when a causal relationship is stated (due to hypertension) or implied (hypertensive). Use an additional code from category I50, Heart failure, to identify the type of heart failure in those patients with heart failure.
The same heart conditions (I50.-, I51.9) with hypertension, but without a stated causal relationship, are coded separately. Sequence according to the circumstances of the admission/encounter.
9. a. 2) Hypertensive chronic kidney disease
Assign codes from category I12, Hypertensive chronic kidney disease, when both hypertension and a condition, classifiable to category N18, Chronic kidney disease (CKD), are present. Unlike hypertension with heart disease, ICD-10-CM presumes a cause-and-effect relationship and classifies chronic kidney disease with hypertension as hypertensive chronic kidney disease.
The appropriate code from category N18 should be used as a secondary code with a code from category I12 to identify the stage of chronic kidney disease.
See Section I.C.14 Chronic kidney disease.
If a patient has hypertensive chronic kidney disease and acute renal failure, an additional code for the acute renal failure is required.
9. a. 3) Hypertensive heart and chronic kidney disease
Assign codes from combination category I13, Hypertensive heart and chronic kidney disease, when both hypertensive kidney disease and hypertensive heart disease are stated in the diagnosis. Assume a relationship between the hypertension and the chronic kidney disease, whether or not the condition is so designated. If heart failure is present, assign an additional code from category I50 to identify the type of heart failure.
The appropriate code from category N18, Chronic kidney disease, should be used as a secondary code with a code from category I13 to identify the stage of chronic kidney disease.
See Section I.C.14 Chronic kidney disease
The codes in category I13, Hypertensive heart and chronic kidney disease, are combination codes that include hypertension, heart disease and chronic kidney disease. The Includes note at I13 specifies that the conditions included at I11 and I12 are included together in I13. If a patient has hypertension, heart disease and chronic kidney disease, then a code from I13 should be used, not individual codes for hypertension, heart disease and chronic kidney disease, or codes from I11 or I12.
Example: CKD, stage 3, with CHF due to Hypertension is coded to I113.0 (Hypertensive heart and chronic kidney disease with CHF, Stage 3 CKD), I50.9 (Heart failure, unspecified), and N18.3 (CKD, Stage 3).
9. a. 4) Hypertensive cerebrovascular disease
For hypertensive cerebrovascular disease, first assign the appropriate code from categories I60-I69, followed by the appropriate hypertension code.
9. a. 5) Hypertensive retinopathy
Subcategory H35.0, Background retinopathy and retinal vascular changes, should be used with a code from category I10-I15, Hypertensive disease to include the systemic hypertension. The sequencing is based on the reason for the encounter.
9. a. 6) Hypertension, secondary
Secondary hypertension is due to an underlying condition. Two codes are required: one to identify the underlying etiology and one from category I14 to identify the hypertension. Sequencing of codes is determined by the reason for admission/encounter.
9. a. 7) Hypertension, transient
Assign code R03.0, Elevated blood pressure reading without diagnosis of hypertension, unless patient has an established diagnosis of hypertension. Assign code O13.-, Gestational [pregnancy-induced] hypertension without significant proteinuria, or O14.-, Pre-eclampsia, for transient hypertension of pregnancy.
9. a. 8) Hypertension, controlled
This diagnostic statement usually refers to an existing state of hypertension under control by therapy. Assign the appropriate code from categories I10-I15, Hypertensive diseases.
9. a. 9) Hypertension, uncontrolled
Uncontrolled hypertension may refer to untreated hypertension or hypertension not responding to current therapeutic regimen. In either case, assign the appropriate code from categories I10-I15, Hypertensive diseases.
9. b. Atherosclerotic coronary artery disease and angina
I-10 has combination codes for atherosclerotic heart disease with angina pectoris. The subcategories for these codes are I25.11, Atherosclerotic heart disease of native coronary artery with angina pectoris and I25.7, Atherosclerosis of coronary artery bypass graft(s) and coronary artery of transplanted heart with angina pectoris.
When using one of these combination codes it is not necessary to use an additional code for angina pectoris. A causal relationship can be assumed in a patient with both atherosclerosis and angina pectoris, unless the documentation indicates the angina is due to something other than the atherosclerosis.
Example: A patient is diagnosed with CAD and Angina with no previous history of a CABG. The correct code is I25.19 (ASHD of Native Coronary Artery with other forms of Angina Pectoris).
If a patient with coronary artery disease is admitted due to an AMI, the AMI should be sequenced before the coronary artery disease.
See Section I.C.9. Acute myocardial infarction (AMI)
9. c. Intraoperative and post-procedural cerebrovascular accident
Medical record documentation should clearly specify the cause-and-effect relationship between the medical intervention and the cerebrovascular accident in order to assign a code for intraoperative or post-procedural cerebrovascular accident.
Proper code assignment depends on whether it was an infarction or hemorrhage and whether it occurred intraoperatively or postoperatively. If it was a cerebral hemorrhage, code assignment depends on the type of procedure performed.
9. d. 1(Category I69, sequelae of cerebrovascular disease
Category I69 is used to indicate conditions classifiable to categories I60-I67 as the causes of sequel (neurologic deficits), they themselves classified elsewhere. These “late effects” include neurologic deficits that persist after initial onset of conditions classifiable to categories I60-I67. The neurologic deficits caused by cerebrovascular disease may be present from the onset or may arise at any time after the onset of the condition classifiable to categories I60-I67.
Codes from category I69, Sequelae of cerebrovascular disease, that specify hemiplegia, hemiparesis and monoplegia identify whether the dominant or nondominant side is affected. Should the affected side be documented, but not specified as dominant or nondominant, and the classification system does not indicate a default, code selection is as follows:
9. d. 2) Codes from category I69 with codes from I60-I67
Codes from category I69 may be assigned on a health care record with codes from I60-I67, if the patient has a current cerebrovascular disease and deficits from an old cerebrovascular disease.
9. d. 3) Codes from category I69 and Personal history of transient ischemic attack (TIA) and cerebral infarction (Z86.73)
Codes from category I69 should not be assigned if the patient does not have neurologic deficits.
See Section I.C.21.4 History (of) for use of personal history codes
9. e. 1) Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) --ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)
The ICD-10-CM codes for AMI identify the site, such as anterolateral wall or true posterior wall. Subcategories I21.0-I21.2 and code I21.3 are used for STEMI. Code I21.4, NSTEMI myocardial infarction, is used for NSTEMI and nontransmural MIs.
If NSTEMI evolves to STEMI, assign the STEMI code. If STEMI converts to NSTEMI due to thrombolytic therapy, it is still coded as STEMI.
For encounters occurring while the myocardial infarction is equal to, or less than, four weeks old, including transfers to another acute setting or a post-acute setting, and the patient requires continued care for the myocardial infarction, codes from category I21 may continue to be reported. For encounters after the 4 week time frame and the patient is still receiving care related to the MI, the appropriate aftercare code should be assigned, rather than a code from category I21. For old or healed MIs not requiring further care, code I25.2, Old myocardial infarction, may be assigned.
9. e. 2) Acute myocardial Infarction, unspecified
Code I21.3, STEMI of unspecified site, is the default for the unspecified term acute myocardial infarction. If only STEMI or transmural MI without the site is documented, query the provider as to the site, or assign code I21.3.
9. e. 3) AMI documented as nontransmural or subendocardial but site provided
If an AMI is documented as nontransmural or subendocardial, but the site is provided, it is still coded as a subendocardial AMI.
See Section I.C.21.3 for information on coding status post administration of tPA in a different facility within the last 24 hours.
9. e. 4) Subsequent acute myocardial infarction
A code from category I22, Subsequent STEMI and NSTEMI, is to be used when a patient who has suffered an AMI has a new AMI within the 4 week time frame of the initial AMI. A code from category I22 must be used in conjunction with a code from category I21. The sequencing of the I22 and I21 codes depends on the circumstances of the encounter.
Example: A patient is being treated for an Acute Non-ST Anterior Wall MI which she suffered 5 days ago. The patient also has Atrial Fibrillation. The correct diagnoses are: I21.4 (Non-ST Elevation (NSTEMI) Myocardial Infarction) and I48.91 (Unspecified Atrial Fib).
The next I-10 corner will be featured around a PCS discussion for Chapter 9: Diseases of the Circulatory System (I00-I99)
Article by Susie James
This material was compiled to share information. MMP, Inc. is not offering legal advice. Every reasonable effort has been taken to ensure the information is accurate and useful.